Getting in shape is a common goal, but what exactly does it mean and how do you do it? Getting in shape is an individual experience, depending on your age, preferences, lifestyle and other factors. A mom with four kids may have very different goals from a mountain climber, for example. But, at its heart, getting in shape simply means working your body more than you are right now. Any time you do more than what you're used to, your body grows stronger, getting you in better shape than you were before.
If your goal is to get in shape, you'll need a few basics: Cardio to burn calories and help your heart and lungs work more efficiently, Strength training to build lean muscle tissue while strengthening your bones, muscles and joints, flexibility exercises to improve your range of motion, and rest so your body can recover and grow stronger.
Below are the basics steps you need to get in shape with exercise.
Get in Shape With Cardio Exercise
Cardio exercise includes any rhythmic activity that gets you into your target heart rate zone. The options are endless, including walking, running, aerobics, cycling, swimming and dancing. You can even use daily chores like raking leaves or shoveling snow, if you can keep the movement consistent enough to raise your heart rate. How to get started:
- Choose any cardio activity that's accessible and enjoyable.
- Schedule your cardio workouts for at least 3 days a week.
- Begin your workout with a comfortable 5-10 minute warm up to gradually increase your heart rate.
- Increase your intensity by going faster, adding hills, resistance or incline (or a combination) until you're just out of your comfort zone (Level 5 or 6 on the Perceived Exertion Scale).
- Maintain that pace for 15-30 minutes or for as long as you can, adjusting your intensity as needed to stay at Level 5 or 6.
- End your workout with a cool down and stretch.
- Each week, increase your workout time by a few minutes until you can work continuously for 30 minutes a session.
- Progress by adding more workout days, trying new activities and/or adding more intensity.
Sample Cardio Schedule:
Get in Shape with Strength Training
The other part of your workout program is strength training with a focus on working all the major muscle groups. How to get started:
- Choose about 8-10 exercises, targeting the major muscle groups, including the lower body, chest, back, shoulders, biceps, triceps and abs.
- If you're a beginner, do 1 set of 15 reps for each exercise. Choose weights that allow you to complete 15 reps - the last rep should be hard, but not impossible.
- Do your strength workout 2-3 times a week with at least one day of rest in between.
- Progress each week by adding a set (until you're up to a total of 3 sets per exercise), using heavier weights or trying new exercises.
Sample Strength Training Workout
- Ball Squats
- Side Step Squats
- Hip Lifts on the Ball
- Modified Pushups
- Chest Flies
- One-Arm Row
- Bent-Arm Lateral Raises
- Bicep Curls
- Tricep Extensions
- Crunches on the Ball
- Bird Dog
Get in Shape With Rest and Recovery
It may surprise you, but a big part of getting in shape is giving your body rest. While you can often do cardio on consecutive days, your muscles need more recovery time from lifting weights. Give yourself at least a day of rest between strength workouts and schedule regular rest days whenever you feel tired, sore or your performance is suffering.
More programs for getting in shape.
Putting It All Together
Sample Workout Schedule for Getting In Shape
|Monday: 20-Minute Basic Cardio Total Stretch||Tuesday: Total Body Strength|
|Wednesday: Rest||Thursday: Walking or Cycling Total Stretch|
|Friday: Total Body Strength||Saturday: 20-Minute Basic Cardio Total Stretch|